Apurímac, department whose name in the Quechua language means: “God who speaks”. Its capital is Abancay City at 2,380 meters of altitude, is located in the valley of the Abancay river, in the central Andes of Peru. Due to this, its cities are located between deep valleys and high peaks; as well as plateaus or punas. From those snowy peaks, the streams that later form lakes and torrential rivers flow like the Apurímac, the Pachachaca and the Pampas; those that give rise to three hydrographic basins respectively.
The climate is varied according to the altitudinal floors. Warm and humid at the bottom of the deep canyons of the Apurimac, Pampas and Pachachaca, temperate and dry at medium altitudes. Cold and with sharp atmospheric dryness in the high mountains and very cold in the snow peak of Ampay. The precipitations are abundant from December to April and the dry period, with scarce rains from May to November. In the rainy season, mudslides, floods and landslides are very frequent phenomena and constantly affect communication channels.
The legendary Chanka culture developed in this territory, especially in the current province of Andahuaylas. Notable warriors as well as farmers, engaged in a bloody struggle against the Incas, which almost won until the army of Pachacutec defeated them. Apurímac was one of the few places where agriculture was perfected, after its inhabitants imposed an effective form of private property on land.
The folklore in the Department of Apurímac is very varied, since its representations are distinguished between one province and another. Everyone has their own beliefs, legends, traditions; songs, rituals, dances and dances that are expressed through their customs; especially in their agricultural activities as in the work of the land, in the sowing, irrigation, the covering of the plants and the harvest itself. It is also expressed when the time arrives for the brand of cattle, horses, sheep and alpacas, with special ceremonies and dances in the period from April to August. The Ayni, in the high areas of Apurimac; not only for agricultural work but also in the manufacture of sheep and alpaca wool hats.
Main tourist attractions
National Sanctuary of Ampay
The National Shrine of the Ampay has several attractions such as the natural forest of intimpas (Podocarpus glomeratus), unique in its genre, as well as other species of endemic wild flora and fauna that live in harmonious association; like the beautiful Bomarea ampayesana”.
Fauna: 82 species have been registered, of which 12 correspond to mammals and 70 to birds. In flora there are a total of 212 registered species.
The National Sanctuary of Ampay is ideal for the practice of eco-tourism, mountaineering, trekking, among others.
Conformed by a very deep slope geology, being one of the deepest in Peru, where adventure tourism is practiced, especially rafting, sport fishing and birdwatching.
The Apurímac River runs through the peaks and abysses, piercing a great canyon, which is one of the most beautiful and impressive spectacles geographically. The steep slopes explain its variety of climates and life zones, from the frigid of the snow peaks and temperate valleys.
Choquequirao Archeological Complex
Considered as the “Last refuge of the Incas of Vilcabamba”, it is located between Cusco and Apurimac, on the right margin of the canyon of the same name. In this imposing complex you can see ceremonial enclosures, plazas, terraces (lamas of the sun), reservoirs and irrigation canals. From this point, the spectacular “Inka Trail” connects to the Cultural and Natural Sanctuary of Machupicchu. Likewise, you can appreciate a great variety of landscapes and geographical contrasts, such as its dry forest, cloud forest and grassland, which makes it an ideal area for birdwatching.